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There are so many common dog training approaches out there that figuring out which approach is best for both your dog and you as a pet parent can be overwhelming. You're not alone if you find it daunting and perplexing. Even within the professional dog training community, there is a lot of debate about which approaches are successful and ethical, and there are many different views on each type of technique.




Here are some dog training tips and ways in which both you and your dog can benefit by engaging in the training. 

  1. Positive Reinforcement:Trainers like Dawn Sylvia-Stasiewicz, who taught Obamas' puppy, Bo, popularized the use of positive reinforcement. It's a simple concept with a simple idea behind it. When a reward is given, dogs will replicate the action. Bad conduct is not rewarded or acknowledged in any way. If a correction is needed, it will take the form of the elimination of incentives, such as a toy or treat.

    This training method starts by rewarding the desired behaviour as soon as it occurs, usually within seconds. In this way, the dog learns to equate the reward with the action. This technique is often combined with clicker training by some trainers (see number three below). This gives the dog a clear indication of when the action was done. Commands must also be concise and to the point. Take a seat. Stay with us. Please come in.

    Consistency is needed for positive reinforcement. As a result, everybody in your home can use the same commands and incentive scheme.

  2. Scientific Training: Science-based dog training is difficult to describe because it is based on data that is constantly growing and evolving. Its goal is to learn more about dogs' personalities, how they can be trained, and how successful rewards and punishments are to be carried out. Animal behaviourists are still coming up with new research and tests to help us better understand dog psychology. In order to work with dogs, trainers depend on these studies. All behaviour must be known before it can be corrected. It's difficult to pin down an overarching approach for science-based dog training because it's so wide. In fact, many of the techniques used in scientific training are similar to those used in other forms of training. Most of the time, operant conditioning is used which consists mostly of positive reinforcement and less often, certain types of punishment.

    Some scientific trainers say it's also crucial to learn how to reinforce good behaviour without using incentives, as well as to use dog psychology to enhance off-leash interactions between humans and their dogs. Furthermore, designing new research-based approaches could not be suitable for all. Even so, it's a good idea for dog owners to remain updated and keep up with new research when it becomes accessible.

  3. Clicker Training: Clicker training follows the same principles as positive reinforcement and is based on operant conditioning. In reality, rather than being considered a separate type of training, clicker training may be classified as a form of positive reinforcement. It uses a system that requires equipment that makes a short, sharp noise, such as a whistle or, as the name implies, a clicker, to signal to a dog when the desired behaviour is achieved.

    The benefit of using clicker training is that it indicates when the desired action has been completed and what is being rewarded. The clicker can then be used to form new habits and incorporate verbal commands by trainers. First, the dog must be taught that a click signals the arrival of a reward. The dog would then be able to link an action to a click and a reward. Finally, the verbal command can be used to establish a new connection.

    This is an excellent tool for learning new tricks and for shaping the fundamentals into more difficult tasks. This technique is used by a lot of experienced trainers. Although clicker training is great for learning new behaviours, it isn't always the best way to stop bad habits. When combined with other training techniques, it can be very useful in ensuring that your dog is well-trained and handled.

  4. Electronic Training:When a dog does not perform the desired action, electronic training uses an electric collar that provides a shock or a citronella spray. When a leash can't be used, it's mainly used for training at a distance. Shock collars, for example, can teach a dog to stay within the confines of an unfenced yard. Remote collars may be used to teach dogs how to work in fields or hunt. Electronic training may yield desirable results for professional dog trainers, but it is not recommended for use by average pet parents. There are several options that cause far less stress and discomfort to dogs so this shouldn’t be encouraged as it is unethical.

    If you're going to use an electronic system, talk to a specialist about how to use it properly and consider other methods of behavior modification instead.

  5. Model-Rival or Mirror Training:The model-rival training method is based on the fact that dogs learn through observation. Dogs learn to imitate actions by being given a model of good behaviour or a competitor to compete with for resources.

    As a result, a trainer could make another person function as the model, rewarding them for performing tasks on order or chastising them for undesirable conduct. As an observer, the dog picks up on what the moderator is doing right. The model may also serve as a competitor, inspiring the dog to pick up on the task and complete it more quickly by competing to perform the correct task for a desired toy or treat it as a reward.

    Mirror training works on the same premise, using the dog parent as a guide and rewarding good behaviour imitation. It works for the dog's natural instincts rather than against them when it comes to social behaviour.

  6. Alpha Dog or Dominance:To develop a relationship of obedience and dominance, alpha dog or dominance training relies on a dog's instinctual pack mentality.According to the theory, dogs regard their families as their packs and adopt a social structure similar to that seen in captive wolf packs. When a dog sees himself as the alpha, he or she must learn to respect and conform to their human as the alpha.

    Understanding dog body language and reacting appropriately, expressing trust and authority, and going first when feeding, entering or leaving rooms, or walking on a leash are some of the techniques used for this type of training.

    If your dog needs to go outside, you must first sit them down before opening the door. If they want to feed, they must wait patiently as you prepare the meal. In general, with alpha training, you don't let your dog join you on any of your furniture, including the bed. You don't even get up to your dog's eye level. This is because these are signs that your dog is on an equal footing with you. You are the boss; you have the upper hand.

  7. Relationship-Based Training:Relationship-based training incorporates a variety of training approaches, while focusing on a more individualized approach for both the dog and the human. It revolves around the relationship between the dog and the human. This approach aims to meet the dog's and trainer's needs, foster contact, and reinforce their connection. It all boils down to being mutually beneficial. Before each training session, the individual must understand how to read their dog's body language, what rewards inspire their dog the most, and how to fulfil their dog's basic needs.

    Positive reinforcement motivates people to behave in a positive way. The dog's environment is controlled to prevent undesirable behaviours. The success of previous information is used to create new information. A dog, for example, must first learn to “sit” in a quiet space before attempting to do so in a park with squirrels, children, and other distractions. The difficulty level steadily rises. Instead of punishing a dog for not carrying out the desired action, the person must find out why. Is the dog concentrating on the outside world? Is the dog in pain? Unable to hear? Or is your buddy simply unable to perform?


This relationship-based training produces a strong and lasting bond, but it takes time and patience. It does not stand out enough from other training strategies, but it seems to incorporate several elements of other effective methods.

Regardless of the training technique you use, you will find that your relationship with your dog improves and that bond will undoubtedly aid you in continuing to train your dog.


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